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Wildlife

With many forests and wildlife sanctuaries in and around Bodoland, the wildlife population of many endangered species has seen an unexpected boom. The three sanctuaries are the Manas National Park, Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary and Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary.

The official mascot of the Bodoland Territorial Region is the Golden Langur. It is in the list of 25 most endangered species in the world. However, thanks to the care of local authorities, this monkey species is enjoying a good population boom.

The biggest Wildlife Sanctuary of Bodoland is the Manas National Park which is around 50,000 hectares, spreads across the five districts of Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa, Udalguri and Darrang

Manas National Park is the only national park in India with five conservation status. It is a UNESCO World Heritage site, a Project Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve, an Important Bird Area as well as a Biosphere Reserve. It is also the only forest area that has increased in size!

The park is known for its rare and endangered endemic wildlife such as the Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur and pygmy hog. Manas is also famous for its population of the wild water buffalo.

According to a study by the Forest Survey of India, there are about 60 species of mammals, 327 species of birds, 42 species of reptiles, 7 species of amphibians, 5 species of fish and around 103 species of invertebrates that have been identified in Manas. Among these, 21 species are listed as endangered, including the one-horned rhinoceros, Bengal florican, Asian elephant, sloth bear, hoolock gibbon, golden langur, clouded leopard and tiger. Two species, the hispid hare and the pygmy hog, are endemic to the reserve. Black leopard has also been recorded in Manas.

Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary owes its existence to a local environmental activist group, Nature’s Beckon and came into being in 1966. It falls under the Kokrajhar and Dhubri districts of Assam.

The sanctuary is mainly a hilly tract running north–south and there are two lakes, Dheer Beel and Diplai Beel on either side, which are integral to the eco-system of the sanctuary. The lower hilly reaches are covered with Sal coppice regeneration while middle and upper reaches are covered with mixed deciduous forests.

Different kinds of mammals, birds, twenty-three species of reptiles including snakes, lizards and turtles, more than forty species of butterfly are found in this sanctuary. Some species of mammals recorded in this sanctuary are Indian short-tailed mole, Indian flying fox, short nosed fruit bat, Indian false vampire, Indian pipistrelle, rhesus macaque, Chinese pangolin, Asiatic jackal and Bengal fox. Hornbills are also spotted here.

A total of 119 species of birds have been recorded in the Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary. This number includes three globally threatened species. Some of the species recorded here include black francolin, jungle bush quail, lesser whistling duck, cinnamon bittern, Indian pond heron, cattle egret, purple heron, red-necked falcon, red-headed vulture, greater spotted eagle and bronze winged jacana.

Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary is a 27 square kilometre stretch situated in the Udalguri and Baksa district of Assam. The sanctuary was established in 1980 to protect the hispid hare and pigmy hog.

The sanctuary is home to many birds such as the White Capped Water Redstart and the Red Billes Blue Magpie.

However, some of the rare species that can be sighted are panther, deer, Himalayan goat and leopard.